Propionic acidemia is an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to process certain parts of proteins and lipids (fats) properly. It is classified as an organic. The spectrum of propionic acidemia (PA) ranges from neonatal-onset to late- onset disease. A number sign (#) is used with this entry because propionic acidemia is caused by mutation in the genes encoding propionyl-CoA carboxylase, PCCA ().

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The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment. Chronic kidney disease in an adult with propionic acidemia.

Two frequent mutations associated with the classic form of propionic acidemia in Taiwan. Consult hospital pharmacy for the recommended maximum daily dose in older patients. Clinically unstable individuals appear to be at higher risk of developing brain abnormalities. Myelodysplastic changes in the bone marrow acide,ia uncommon [ Stork et alSipahi et al ].

In a proband who has the clinical, laboratory, and biochemical findings reviewed above and in Figure acidemkathe diagnosis of PA is established using the following strategies. View in own window. Acute management of propionic acidemia. Ocular albinism 1 Oculocutaneous albinism Hermansky—Pudlak syndrome Waardenburg syndrome.

For an introduction to multigene panels click here. Propionic acidemia associated with visual hallucinations.


Management The optimal management of patients with propionic acidemia PA is best achieved by a team comprising a physician with metabolic expertise, a dietician, and a genetic counselor. Hyperammonemia in neonatal PA can prompt clinicians to consider other disorders affecting ammonia metabolism including urea cycle disordersorganic acidemias, pyruvate carboxylase deficiencycarbonic anhydrase VA deficiencyand porto-systemic shunts.


Common in Japan [ Yang et al ]. Prevention of Primary Manifestations Dietary management.

Emergency letters, bracelets, and emergency information in smartphones help facilitate appropriate emergency care by healthcare providers unfamiliar with propionic acidemia. Three percent of reported variants in PCCB are deleterious copy number variants [ Desviat et alKraus et alChiu et al ].

Idiopathic hyperglycinemia and hyperglycinuria: Among 10 patients with propionic acidemia, Desviat et al. Late optic neuropathy in propionic acidemia following surgical intervention. In rare circumstances, specialized amino acid mixes proplonica reduced content of isoleucine, valine, threonine and methionine are necessary.

Propionic acidemia – Wikipedia

Dopamine beta hydroxylase deficiency reverse: Risk to Family Members Parents of a proband The parents of an affected individual are obligate heterozygotes i. ArgCysand p. Evaluation for clinical signs of cardiomyopathy e. Although successful pregnancy outcomes have been reported in patients with PA [ Van Calcar et alLangendonk et al ], pregnancy can pose a significant management challenge.

Propionic acidemia

If not constantly monitored, the effects would be devastating. Benefits of OLT include decrease in the frequency of metabolic decompensations, improved quality-adjusted life years, increased life expectancy, life-time cost savings [ Vara et alLi et al ], and reversal of dilated cardiomyopathy [ Yorifuji et alRomano et al ].

Several proposed acute and chronic management guidelines have become available in recent years [ Chapman et alSutton et alBaumgartner et al ]. Usually, the glutamine levels in hyperammonemic patients with PA are normal or low [ Al-Hassnan et alFilipowicz et al ].

Hypervalinemia Isobutyryl-CoA propiojica deficiency Maple syrup acideia disease. Am J Hum Genet.

Genes and Databases for chromosome locus and protein. Clinical outcome and long-term management of 17 patients with propionic acidaemia.

The deficiency of PCC enzymatic activity profoundly deranges metabolism at several levels. Retrieved from ” https: Prevalence Worldwide, the incidence of PA varies widely. August Learn how and when to remove this template acidmeia. Brain MRI findings include delayed myelination, white matter changes, basal ganglia abnormalities, cerebellar hemorrhage, acideemia cerebral atrophy [ Schreiber et al ].


The treatment of individuals with acutely decompensated PA is a medical emergency: Propionic acidemia PA is an organic acidemia caused by deficiency of propionyl-CoA carboxylase PCCa biotin-dependent carboxylase located in the mitochondrial inner space.

Additional information Further information on this disease Classification s 2 Gene s 2 Clinical signs and symptoms Publications in PubMed Other website s Inborn error of lipid metabolism: The mean age of diagnosis is approximately 13 years range years [ Arias acidemoa alMartinez Alvarez et al ].

Many factors should be taken into account to guide protein restriction: We need long-term secure funding to provide you the information that you need at your fingertips. Proposed guidelines for the diagnosis and management of methylmalonic and propionic acidemia.

If transition to enteral feedings within 48 hours is not possible, total parenteral nutrition is required. N-carbamylglutamate in emergency management of hyperammonemia in neonatal acute onset propionic and methylmalonic aciduria. In Japan, the live birth incidence of severe propionic acidemia is 1: Prevention of secondary complications: High frequency of large genomic deletions in the PCCA gene causing propionic acidemia.

Life-long post-transplant management is recommended [ Yorifuji et alWcidemia et alKasahara et al ]. Vomiting, protein intolerance, failure to thrive, hypotonia, developmental regression, movement disorders.