Alan Harvey Guth is an American theoretical physicist and cosmologist. . Guth realized from his theory that the reason the universe appears to be flat was that it was fantastically big, just the same way the. According to the inflationary universe scenario the universe in the very early stages of . The main idea of the inflationary universe scenario, suggested by Guth. The Inflationary Universe has ratings and 30 reviews. This is the compelling, first-hand account of Alan Guth’s paradigm-breaking discovery of the origins.
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So, ah, to summarise, no one except a handful of experts understands our current theories about the origins of the universe well thr to say whether they make sense, but Alan Guth, the guy who kicked it off, has written a book about how we got here. What is a dwarf planet? Vacuum energy in three-Higgs-field model. False vacuum leads to temp reversal of certain properties, such as gravitation.
The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins by Alan Guth
He then turns to people more knowledgeable. Most people probably don’t give much thought to the idea that a the universe can also refer to the “universe of universes,” meaning our universe is but one among a c I found the book interesting and a provocative read. However, there appears to be little doubt at this point the universe is expanding. Weinberg also was the one who emphasized the idea that the universe goes through phase transitions, similar to the phases of matter, when going from high energy to low energy.
The idea of inflation—an exponential expansion of the universe in its first moments—was published inin a paper that imported new ideas from particle physics into theoretical cosmology.
In Guth won the award for the messiest office in Boston, organised by the Boston Globe.
Some people may not like that he barely mentions string theory and the more cutting-edge ideas of the rhe couple of decades, but this isn’t the last book I’m ifnlationary to read on the subject — rather, it was the first. According to general relativity, the mass density of the universe not only slows the cosmic expansion, but it also causes the universe to curve.
Feb 12, Tim rated it really liked it Shelves: If the density of the universe was large enough, it would collapse into a singularityand if the actual density of the matter in the cosmos was lower than the critical density, the universe would increasingly get much bigger.
This can be avoided, and people have at times tried to design versions of inflation that avoided it, but these versions of inflation never looked very plausible.
Lists with This Book. The third problem that needed an explanation is that the big bang theory of Friedman, Lemaitre, Hubble, and others describes the universe as a giant refrigerator cooling and expanding forever, and the remnants of this bang still exists today wlan an afterglow of 2. After attending several public schools, he skipped his senior year to enrol in a five-year program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MITpartly because he was concerned about being drafted for the Vietnam War, of which he strongly disapproved.
D 24 The author uses footnotes frequently, not only to explain in further detail some technical point but also to give biographical background information on a scientist or even to make a joke. Oct 06, Linda Fitzgerald rated it liked it.
But careful analysis of the crystal spheres eventually produced better theories, and I’m guessing the same thing will happen here, given time. Throughout his book the question of “why” the universe began in a state of such esquisite uniformity is not addressed.
THE INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE
I really liked this books blend of science and autobiography. This seemed very paradoxical because, when the radiation was released aboutyears after the Big Bang, the observable universe had a diameter of 90 million light-years. It’s a rather remarkable fit between actual measurements made by astronomers, and a theory based on wild ideas about quantum fluctuations at seconds. Jun 29, Michael rated it really liked it Shelves: When he looked into the sky,he believed the stars were fixed and that the universe was motionless.
Would everyone say they didn’t know, unless the question concerned the tiny area where they were an acknowledged world-class expert? Oh well, this will have to do. The microwave background radiation discovered by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson appeared extremely uniform, with almost no variance.
That’s not what I’m going to talk about. GuthAmerican Physical Society.
The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins
Read this book, and then sing along with Inflztionary Ladies I know there is some excitement among cosmologists that the temperature variation found in the CBE, the thermal axis and the cold spot, may point to a collision with a neighboring universe, or at least indicate interaction with a nearby universe.
The large scale uniformity of the observed universe is clearly reflected in this, which is known to have been released afteryears of the big bang before this time the universe univerae too foggy dense for the glow to appear.
Nov 04, Kededra rated it really liked it. Though I still have real trouble believing this stuff; it seems impossibly speculative, even if it does “explain” important things, in particular the flatness and uniformity of the universe, and the slight unevenness in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation CMBR that later turned into galaxies.
Guth skillfully establishes the foundation from which he was working, presents his own role in a way that avoids the unfortunate caricatures that have plagued the presentation of science that is, the mad genius who works his magic and produces a theory; although it should be noted that Guth, although not mad, is extraordinarily giftedand weaves a story that makes the discovery and the act of discovering it precisely as thrilling as they are.
I however knew relatively well his colleague Dr. The Inflationary Universe Published 25 March The idea of inflation—an exponential expansion of the universe in its first moments—was published inin a paper that imported new ideas from particle physics into theoretical cosmology.
He grew up and attended the public schools in Highland Park, NJ, but skipped his senior year of high school to begin studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Once this uniformity is established on this tiny scale by normal thermal-equilibrium processes — and I’m talking now about something that’s about a billion times smaller than the size of a single proton — inflation can take over, and cause this tiny region to expand rapidly, and to become large enough to encompass the entire visible universe.
The second turning point for the author is when physicist Steven Weinberg accounted for the large asymmetry between the baryons matter and anti-baryons antimatter. You gotta’ have somethin'”. Bradley Nordell rated it really liked it Jul 18, I was expecting more information about the theory of inflation itself than about the history of the theory, however it’s a good book that is worth reading.
Still sipping at this mind-bending exploration of how the universe began. Inflafionary have a loose understanding but the picture’s still blurry. The universe tends to evolve away from flatness, so even given what we knew ten or twenty years ago — we know much better gutth that the universe is extraordinarily close to flat — we could have extrapolated backwards tthe discovered that, for example, at one second after the Big Bang the mass density of the universe must have been equal, to an accuracy of 15 decimal places, to the critical density where it counterbalanced the expansion rate to produce a flat universe.
This problem repeats itself when one talks unierse the motion of galaxies within clusters of galaxies.
Alan Guth – Wikipedia
A possible solution to the horizon and flatness problems”. Guth admits when he runs up against a wall, science outside of his experience.
As an engineer with detailed knowledge of physics only in those certain spots relevant to my career, I found this both challenging and rewarding to read, in my drive to broaden. Evidence will not be found in space-time of our own pocket universe. They have to do 1 with the mass density of the universe, and 2 with the properties of the density non-uniformities.