ICL Innovation, a technology incubator for the ICL group, seeks novel asphaltene inhibitors and asphaltene dispersants for the oil industry. As the efficiency of dispersants with different origins is questionable for each typical oil sample, the present study provides a reproducible and. Dodecyl resorcinol has the best performance at concentration of 50 ppm as an asphaltene dispersant and causes required n-heptane volume increment of 2%.

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As mentioned previously, the asphaltene performance is very oil-specific. Society of Petroleum Engineers Disciplines 4.

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These naturally occurring dispersions can be easily disturbed by a variety of mechanical and physicochemical conditions involved in oil field recovery and production, Changes in temperature and pressure, commingling of crude and condensate streams, and especially the use of enhanced recovery techniques can result in asphaltene destabilization, precipitation, and eventual deposition.

We are dedicated to a culture of learning and keep abreast of market and research trends via customer partnerships, academic collaboration and industry trade association participation. Therefore, it is very important to use the actual oil during production selection. The technique monitors asphaltene agglomeration while undergoing titration with an incompatible solvent precipitant.

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Log in to your subscription Username. Asphaltene can precipitate deep inside the reservoir, in pipelines or onto safety equipment and cause blockages and severe emulsion formation resulting in reservoir damage, loss of crude oil recovery and escalating costs.

Our research and development laboratories in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia are staffed with industry experts and state of the art analytical and application equipment. As a technology incubator, ICL Innovation is looking only for innovative technologies that may be further developed and commercialized through a business unit in ICL. Once agglomeration occurs, destabilized asphaltenes can form a thick pad in the dehydration equipment, which significantly reduces the demulsification rate.


The absorption interaction between an asphaltene and an amphiphile molecule natural resin or synthetic additive is considered the most important parameter for the stabilization of asphaltene micelles in crude oil.

They have been successfully applied for inhibition and removal of asphaltene deposits in production equipment. Most asphaltene solvents are based on aromatic solvents, sometimes with added enhancers [ 7 ]. Asphaltene inhibitor AI refers to chemical additives that help prevent asphaltene deposition when dosed at very low concentrations into the oil up to a few hundred parts per million by volumeunlike asphaltene solvents that typically require much higher concentrations to work percent level.

It is well-known that the performance of asphaltene inhibitors are oil-specific. Please post helpful feedback. Marques, Gaspar Gonzalez, Jair B.

Publishers Content Coverage Privacy. Advanced search Show search help. Dead oil can be used as a preliminary screening method, but live oil testing is recommended as it more closely mimics the field conditions.

The dispersants have also been applied for cleanout of water injection wells resulting in decreased injection pressure and increased oil production. During transport in pipes, following oil processing, asphaltene builds up on pipes and other equipment. Asphaltene deposition during oil recovery and production can be inhibited or diminished by the addition of asphaltene dispersants. Proceedings of an international conference Diverless and Deepwater Techology: They provide real inhibition since they prevent the aggregation of asphaltene molecules and therefore shift the asphaltene onset pressure.

Asphaltene Dispersants as Demulsification Aids – OnePetro

Two case studies are presented that demonstrate how asphaltene dispersants can efficiently inhibit pad formation and help reduce demulsifier dosage. Gonzalez, “Stabilization of asphaltenes by phenolic compounds extracted from cashew-nut shell liquid,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 73 1 A product that works well on one type of oil may not work well on other fluids.

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Some asphaltene inhibitors demonstrate a critical concentration level below which no performance is observed, but once above, it shows a dramatic effect by preventing asphaltene from flocculation.

AI agents are polymeric resinous materials that stabilize the asphaltenes and prevent destabilization, agglomeration and flocculation of asphaltenes by forming strong association with asphaltene moieties. For example, continuous or batch downhole treatments prevented deposition in the flowlines and tubing providing increased production rates and decreased downtime for many producers.

Certain polymeric dispersants increase asphaltene solubilization in hydrocarbon media, and when used in conjunction with emulsion breakers, facilitate the demulsification process.

One major problem is their agglomeration at dipsersant water-oil interface of crude oil emulsions. Del Bianco and F. Like asphaltene inhibitors, the performance of asphaltene dispersants is also specific to the types of oils. Once deposited, asphaltenes pose a multitude of problems for crude oil producers. However, some asphaltene inhibitors do now show a critical concentration, but disperzant show an accumulative effect in reducing the amount of asphaltene precipitation.

It is usually injected on an continuous basis through a downhole capillary string.

Asphaltene Dispersants as Demulsification Aids. A thermodynamic model has been proposed for asphaltene inhibition by treating asphaltenes as micelles [ 2 ]. Therefore, aspnaltene asphaltene inhibitors can function as asphaltene dispersants. The method was used to evaluate stabilization of asphaltenes in the crude oil and to screen asphaltene dispersants. Sheriff’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition. AI additives prevent the aggregation of asphaltene molecules, whereas AD additives are usually non-polymeric surfactants.

This is partially contributed to the presence of organic acids in the oil.