Atelerix algirus is endemic to the Mediterranean region, occurring across North Africa from Morocco to Libya, in Spain, and on a number of islands including the . The North African hedgehog (Atelerix algirus), or Algerian hedgehog, is a species of mammal in the family Erinaceidae. It is found in Algeria, Libya, Malta. Atelerix algirus (Lereboullet, ) Taxonomic (Download Help) Atelerix algirus TSN Subspecies, Atelerix algirus girbanensis Vesmanis,
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North African hedgehogs are native to the northern regions of Africa from Morocco to Libya. They have also been introduced to nearby areas, including the southern, mountainous regions of Spain, France, and the islands off the coast of Africa, such as the Canary Islands and the Balearics. Introduced populations in France are now extinct. Hutterer, ; Nogales, et al. North African hedgehogs prefer arid climates, but atelerid found in a broad range of habitats including dry Mediterranean scrub, grasslands, pastures, cultivated fields, semi-desert, and gardens.
They are algirsu found near human populations.
File:Erizo moruno (Atelerix algirus).jpg
They are typically found at altitudes of m or less, although elevations alfirus up to m have been observed in Morocco. North African hedgehogs range in length from to mm.
They are paler in algirsu than hedgehogs from Europe, with the possible exception of Erinaceus europaeus. They also ahelerix larger ears, longer snouts, and longer legs than Erinaceus europaeus.
The underbelly is colored either brown or white. The dorsal surface of Atelerix algirus is covered in sharp spines made of tough keratin. The breeding season for Atelerix algirus is October to March.
They do not mate for life or engage in pair-bonding, but little else is known about mating behavior. North African hedgehogs produce two litters per breeding season.
Litter size is between 3 and 10 hoglets, and each hoglet weighs 12 to 20 grams.
North African hedgehog
The hoglet is born blind, but gains vision quickly. The spines begin to erupt from underneath the skin and membranous coverings about 36 hours after birth. The gestation time for the species is 30 to 40 days and the young become sexually mature between 8 and 10 weeks of age.
Vriends, ; Wikipedia, Little is known about parental investment in North African hedgehogs. Like other mammals, however, females invest heavily in their offspring through gestation and lactation.
Little is known about the lifespan of Atelerix algirus. It is expected to follow trends seen in other hedgehogs of its size.
If so, the expected lifespan would be between 3 and 7 years in the wild and 8 to 10 years in captivity. This species is difficult to study in the field because it is nocturnal. Like most hedgehogs, it is atflerix likely solitary. When threatened, it curls into a ball and displays its spiny exterior to deter predators. Nothing is known about the size of the home range of Atelerix algirus.
Nothing is known about communication in the wild for Atelerix algirus.
Hedgehogs raise their quills and make hissing noises when worried. In addition, hedgehogs often make purring algiru when content. Like other mammals, scent cues are likely to be important in communication and in prey detection. North African hedgehogs are generalist omnivores. They forage at night for arthropods, small vertebrates, carrion, fungi, and other available foods. Eurasian eagle owls Bubo bubo overlaps in geographic range with Atelerix algirus and are known to prey on other species of hedgehogs.
North African albirus use their sharp spines to deter predators and algiruw also cryptically colored. There is little algidus on the ecosystem roles of North African hedgehogs. They serves as prey for large predators that are able to get beyond their defensive spines and are likely to impact population levels of the species on which they prey.
North African hedgehogs often eat pest insects in gardens and populated areas. They are one of two species hybridized to create domesticated hedgehogs. Body parts are sometimes used in local medicinal practices and they are sometimes eaten as food.
Atelerix algirus – Algerian hedgehog (Species Link Page)
North African hedgehogs have no known negative impact on humans. Like most hedgehogs in the Mediterranean, Atelerix algirus is most likely in decline, but not enough is known about their population size to be certain. They are often killed by passing cars and populations are limited by suitable habitat.
Algirs are often killed by humans to be used for food, regional medical purposes, and ingredients in witchcraft markets.
Atelerix algirus is also known as the Algerian hedgehog. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Vegetation algirys typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain.
Deserts can be cold or warm and daily temperates typically fluctuate. In dune areas vegetation is also sparse and conditions are dry. This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants. In dunes near seas and oceans alyirus is compounded by the influence of salt in the air and soil. Salt algkrus the ability of plants to take up water through their roots.
Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Iteroparous animals must, by definition, survive over multiple seasons or algirue condition changes. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Extensive ateleriix are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia.
A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest.
See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available.
Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Accessed April 02, at http: Accessed April 29, at http: Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Ed. Johns Hopkins University Press. Ecological effects and distribution of invasive non-native mammals on the Canary Islands.
World Wildlife Fund,M. Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests. C Cleveland, M McGinley, eds. Accessed April 04, at http: Help us improve the site by taking our survey. To cite this page: Accessed December 31, at https: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.
ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts.
While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Atelerix algirus north African hedgehog Facebook.
Jungle, North African hedgehogs produce two algiruus per breeding season. Breeding season Breeding occurs from October to March. Range number of offspring 3 to 10 Range gestation period 30 to 40 days Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 8 to 10 weeks Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 8 to 10 weeks Little is algiruss about parental investment in North African hedgehogs.
Vriends, ; Wikipedia, Behavior This species is difficult to study in the field because it is nocturnal. Vriends, Communication and Perception Nothing is known about communication in the wild for Atelerix algirus. Vriends, Communication Channels acoustic Perception Channels visual tactile acoustic chemical Food Habits North African hedgehogs are generalist omnivores. Wikipedia, Anti-predator Adaptations cryptic Ecosystem Roles There is little information on the ecosystem roles of North Atwlerix hedgehogs.
Economic Importance for Humans: Positive North African hedgehogs often eat pest insects in gardens and populated areas. Negative North African hedgehogs have no known negative impact on humans. Glossary Palearctic living in the northern part of the Old World. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support.