Brahmavihāra Dhamma by. The Venerable Mahāsi Sayādaw of. Burma. Translated by. U Min Swe (Min Kyaw Thu). Buddha Sāsanānuggaha Organization. Brahmavihara Dhamma by Mahasi Sayadaw is an extensive instructional book from the monastaries of Bhurma. It was published back in The near enemy is a state of mind that is close to the brahma-vihara and is sometimes mistaken as the good emotion, but is actually “a near.

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Brahmavihara – Dhamma Support Group

The Four Divine Emotions are known in Pali as the Brahma-viharas and are also known as the divine abidings or the divine abodes. Hence, ” Brahmavihara ” purports the meaning of “Noble Living”, or rather, “Living in the exercise of goodwill. The word “Vihara” conveys the meaning of “Dwelling”, or “Abiding”, or “Living”. This can therefore be also called Brahmacara Dhamma from now onwards. So we shall use the Pali language, which is more comprehensively clear to delivering this teaching.

These are the four kinds of Brahmavihara.

Karuna compassion is like an open heart that cares for everyone. What is meant by karuna bhavana is to develop compassionate feeling towards other beings.

The expression “Brahmavihara”, if analysed, will include metta, friendliness or loving-kindness, karuna, compassion, mudita, goodwill or rejoicing with others in their happiness or prosperity, and upekkha, equanimity or indifference to pain and pleasure. Each of the four brahma-viharas has what is called a near enemy and a far enemy.

Brahmavihara Dhamma by Mahasi Sayadaw – Part 1

It is not a hard, romantic type of love and not a love that includes extreme attachment or controlling feelings. In the phrase or group of words – “Brahmavihara”, the word “Brahma” means “Noble”. Today is the Full Moon day of Waso, B. They are emotional states to be strived for. They are the meditative states, thoughts, and actions to be cultivated in Buddhist meditation.


By practicing and developing the divine emotions, we will have a peaceful and patient daily life practice. This is shown in this table:.

The result will be a very nice and good person, free from hate and ill-will. It is the ability to be happy when you see others happy. Analytical statement of the meaning of metta Of the four kinds of Brahmavihara Dhamma, metta means love, karuna means compassion, mudita means happiness or joy, upekkha means equanimity. Of these four sorts of brahmavihara, first and foremost, I shall deal with the development of metta brahmavihara. Indeed, religious symbol and ritual makes little sense from the rational point of view;it is couched in the vernacular of the heart.

This page has been accessedtimes. The far enemy is virtually the opposite of the brahma-vihara and is completely off the mark for the emotion that is strived for. As regards “mudita”, it conveys the sense of joy or rejoicing with others in their continued happiness and prosperity. Analytical statement of the meaning of metta. As such, if the meanings of the terms: In this book he showed that more than intellectual intelligence, such dhqmma I.

In Burmese, it is to be represented and recited carrying a vocal sound as “Brahma”. Those who further cultivate equanimity, may reach insightful states and wisdom of enlightenment experiences.

Metta loving-kindness is a soft, affection and care for others and yourself. Then also, in the Abhidhamma desanathe Brahmavihara Dhamma has been explained as appamanna, the term that is derived from the word “infinite” or “boundless”. They are the positive emotions and states that are productive and helpful to anyone of any religion or even to the one with no religion.

It has been so named as appamanna because when developing metta, loving-kindness, it could be done with unlimited or perfect exercise of the qualities of friendliness – metta etc. The term “love” may convey the sense of clinging or attachment with raga, human passionate desires.


When a thought occurs wishing prosperity and happiness to others, it is but a virtuous thought. Out of these four meanings translated into English, only the meaning of the word ‘compassion’ is clear and precise without mingling with any other sense or terminology. Regarding the term upekkha, it is a feeling of indifference or equanimity with no interest or worry in another’s happiness, state or condition – having a neutral sensation – thinking that these things have inevitably happened according to kamma, the consequential effects of good or bad merits.

This word, if properly pronounced in Pali should be recited as “Birahma”. Hence, it would be more obvious, if they are expressed in dhamam Pali usage, brahmaviara metta bhavana,karuna bhavana, and upekkha bhavana.

So for example, we relate to friendly people with love, to those in distress with compassion, to the successful with vicarious joy and to unpleasant people with equanimity. Goleman provides references from many studies to show the importance of the emotional skills for success.

Brahmavihara Dhamma

Mudita joy with otherssometimes is called sympathetic joy or appreciative joy. Emotional intelligence refers to getting along with others, knowing how and when to act, not letting things bother you, and success features, such as persistence, determination, bdahmavihara deferred gratification. This can be easily understood.

The four Brahma Viharas are considered by Buddhism to be the four highest emotions.

Views Read View source View history. It has however been mentioned in Mahagovinda Sutta as “Brahmacariya. Metta bhavana means nothing but to develop one’s mind with loving-kindness towards others. Even ordinarily, if one feels pity towards the other wishing him escape from sufferings, it is a virtuous thought of karuna.