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Pomology has contributed a number of exotic and interesting fruit cultivars to the world, such as the pluot, a cross between a plum and an apricot. On the other hand, the botanical sense includes many structures that are not commonly called “fruits”, such as bean pods, corn kernels, wheat grains, tomatoes, and many more. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. The goals of fruit tree improvement include enhancement of fruit quality, regulation of production periods, and reduction of production cost.

Tumbuhan (Flora)

Definisi buah menurut konsumen adalah hasil tanaman yang beraroma, rasanya manis alami atau dibuat manis sebelum dimakan dan dimanfaatkan terutama sebagai makanan penyegar. Pengertian buah Secara botanis buah adalah hasil akhir pertumbuhan dan perkembangan bunga atau kelompok bunga. Seed-associated structures that do not fit these informal criteria are usually called by other names, such as vegetables, pods, nut, ears and cones.

Definisi buah secara botanis tersebut mencakup buah hasil pembesaran bakal buah ovariumtetapi tidak mencakup buah berdaging yang berkembang dari struktur selain ovarium seperti receptacle apel, stroberibraktea dan peduncle nenas.

Many fruits that, in a botanical sense, are true fruits are actually treated as vegetables in cooking and food preparation, because they are not particularly sweet. Definisi menurut konsumen ini lebih sesuai untuk digunakan secara umum. Pomology is a branch of horticulture which focuses on the cultivation, production, harvest, and storage of fruit, especially tree fruits. Aneka rupa dan bentuk buah tidak terlepas kaitannya dengan fungsi utama buah, yakni sebagai pemencar biji.

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In the latter case, the denomination fruticulture—introduced from romance languages from Latin fructus and cultura —is also used. Derivasi buah, struktur asal buah atau dari jaringan mana buah dibentuk.

In non- technical usage, such as food preparation, fruit normally means the fleshy seed-associated budidya of certain plants that are sweet and edible in the raw state, such as apples, oranges, grapes, strawberries, and bananas.

Pomologists also research tree nuts like almonds, walnuts, and pecans, among others. Dalam The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary diterangkan bahwa buah adalah hasil tanaman yang dapat dimakan, terdiri atas biji dan pelindungnya, terutama bila pelindung tersebut berdaging pulpy dan berair juicy.

Buah biasanya membungkus marksa melindungi biji. Often the botanical fruit is only part of the common fruit, or is merely adjacent to it.

Some vegetables, such as tomatoes, fall into both categories. Diagram Euler Euler diagram representing the relationship mariksa culinary vegetables and botanical fruits.

These culinary vegetables include cucurbits e. Pomologists also look at the best way to grow trees, determining which regions trees grow in, and the amounts of water and fertilizer preferred by different cultivars. Skip to main content.

Mosqueda and Czyhrinciw cit. Any number of fruit trees can be included in a survey of pomology, like apricots, pears, plums, peaches, cherries, nectarines, and avocados. Help Center Find new research papers in: Remember me on this computer.

Bila dibandingkan antara buah yang paling kecil dengan buah yang paling besar, maka perbandingannya dapat mencapai 1: Porositas dan berat jenis beberapa buahan tropis dicontohkan oleh Mosqueda and Czyhrinciw cit. Keragaman buahan dan sayuran berdasarkan ukuran dan beratnya Pantastico, In addition, they study pests which attack fruit trees, and address issues of regional concern, like droughts or seasonal flooding. One of the most critical aspects of pomology is the development of new fruit cultivars.

The term is sometimes applied more broadly, to the cultivation of any type of fruit. In biology botanya “fruit” is a part of a flowering plant that derives from specific tissues of the flower, mainly one or more ovaries.

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Definisi buah secara botanis bahkan mencakup kacang- kacangan, biji-bijian dan buah berkulit keras yang secara komersial tidak dianggap sebagai buah.

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Pomologists can work in the industry, or for research facilities at universities and other organizations. Keragaman buah Pada umumnya buahan tropis mempunyai ukuran yang sangat beragam, dari buah yang berukuran kecil dan ringan kecil sampai buah yang sangat besar dan berat. A pomologist can cross-breed various fruit cultivars for specifically desired traits, such as flavor, hardiness, or disease-resistance. If a pomologist can breed a distinctive and entirely new cultivar, he or she stands to profit significantly from the resulting patents.

Beberapa pengertian tentang buah juga ditampilkan dalam berbagai tulisan.

Fruit orchards can be found all over the world, and tree fruits are a major industry in many countries, making pomology especially vital. Pengertian buah dalam lingkup hortikultura tidak terbatas pada yang terbentuk dari bakal buah, melainkan dapat pula berasal dari perkembangan organ yang lain. Beberapa komoditas yang secara botanis didefinisikan sebagai buah, secara umum digolongkan di dalam sayuran tomat, terung cabai, paria, gambas karena pada umumnya tidak manis atau tidak dibuat menjadi manis, dimasak dan dimanfaatkan sebagai pelengkap makanan pokok, daging atau ikan.

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Taken strictly, this definition excludes many structures that are “fruits” in marlisa common sense of the term, such as fleshy fruit-like growths that develop from other plant tissues close to the fruit accessory fruit, or more rarely false fruit or pseudocarpsuch as cashew fruits. The term has different meanings dependent on context. Click here to sign up.