ERROR ANALYSIS, INTERLANGUAGE AND. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. S. P. Corder. University of Edinburgh. 1. In the course of learning a second. Error analysis and interlanguage. Front Cover. Stephen Pit Corder. Oxford University Press, – Language Arts & Disciplines – pages. “Corder, S. Pit. Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ” Canadian Modern Language Review, 40(4), pp. –.

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They are typically random and are readily corrected by the learner when his attention is drawn to them. Linguists have always been attempting to describe the types of errors committed by the language learners, and that is exactly the best way to start with, as it helps out the applied linguist to identify where the problem lies. Critics of CA have argued that since analyzis language interference is only one of the sources of error, indulging in CA with a view to predicting difficulties is not worth the time spent on it; moreover, they argue, many of the difficulties predicted by CA do not show up in the actual learner performance at all; on the other hand, many errors that do turn up are not predicted by CA.

Error analysis (linguistics)

But such an approach, as Hamp rightly points out, is of limited value-we need CA to provide a “theory adequate to explain cases not in our corpus”p. In this difficult area of research, one of the most rigorous studies to have appeared to date is Dickerson Hence it is substantially correct to say that traditional EA was an ad hoc attempt to deal with the practical needs of the classroom teacher. The following discussion is organized in four parts-the first, second and third parts deal with CA, EA and IL respectively and the last part is the conclusion.

Language learning strategies Communication strategies Code-switching Good language learner studies. Error analysis is closely related to the study of error treatment in language teaching.


While discussion, formalization, and refinement of the notion of equivalence proceeds on the theoretical plane, the problems involved in this endeavor have not significantly impeded the flow of practical contrastive studies and their application to classroom and text materials. Corder proposed the term “transitional competence” to refer to the intermediate systems constructed by the learner in the process of his language learning.

This in turn suggests that the traditional monolithic format of proficiency tests should give way to a more flexible, multi-factor format sampling learner performance in various styles and structural environments. However, as Stockwell rightly reminds us, it is time to face correr to the fact that “pronunciation is analyssi not that important.

Error analysis in SLA was established in the s by Corder and colleagues. A major outcome of the application of IL studies to TL pedagogy would be a radical change in the teacher’s attitude toward the learner’s performance cf.

The results, somehow, go hand in hand with the approach of error analysis, they indicate that the errors correr approach is actually applicable to the Moroccan Community, thus, while interlangauge to reduce and get rid of the problems predicted through the systematic comparison between L1 and L2, the applied Linguists should also focus interlxnguage the complexity and the false application of the linguistic elements within and between the target language as well.

Based on arguments such as these, some scholars e. This latent psychological structure contains five central processes language transfer, transfer of training, strategies of second-language learning, strategies of second-language communication and overgeneralization of TL linguistic material and a few minor ones e.

CatfordSchachteror to give a different type of example, the Indian learners of English systematically replace the alveolar consonants with their retroflex counterparts, there is no doubt that the learner is “carrying over” patterns of the mother tongue into his TL performance.

On the contrary, each of the three fields of study has been claimed to have important contributions to make in a variety of related areas. In addition, Hashim, A. The huge area of usage still remains practically unchartered, and in the absence of a viable theory, the best that can be done in this area is, in the words of Stockwell, “listing with insight. This article includes citations that are incomplete. Yet one may wish to at least speculate on the possible pedagogical implications of the recent studies, if only to generate controversy.


The “one goal” mentioned in the title of this chapter refers to the attempt to facilitate the process of TL learning and teaching by studying the phenomenon of “errors” within a scientific framework that is consistent with both linguistic theory and learning theory. Corder distinguished two kinds of elicitation: Errors versus mistakes At this point, Corder introduces an important distinction between “errors” and “mistakes.

Catford, on the other hand, believes that “the only basis for equating phonemes or for imterlanguage grammatical units in two languages is extra-linguistic-is substantial rather than croderp.

The aim of EA according to J. Toward a Theory of Second Language Acquisition. Coder exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. CA cannot merely be a subcomponent of EA because, for one thing, what snd need is not only a taxonomic classification of a corpus of data but a corpus-free theory of errors and, for another, “predictive” CA brings to light areas of difficulty not even noticed by EA d.

For one thing, we need criteria to distinguish between productive, systematic deviations and non-productive deviations in the learner’s performance in order to make learning more efficient.

Error analysis (linguistics) – Wikipedia

The Sounds of English and Spanish. In particular, with respect to each field of study, we shall examine the current trends in theory, methodology, claims and empirical validations thereof and its contribution to TL teaching.

Cambridge University Press, a. CA is based on the assumption, he says, 1.