BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Dacryodes edulis is a medium-sized, evergreen tree attaining a height of. m in the forest but not exceeding 12 m in plantations. Abstract Dacryodes edulis is a dioecious, shade loving, evergreen tree, indigenous to the Gulf of Guinea and widely cultivated in other tropical parts of Africa for. PDF | Dacroydes edulis is a plant with many trado-therapeutic seeds are used traditionally as a remedy for stomach problems like.

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The unsaponifiable fraction of the oil was reported to contain sterols, triterpene alcohols and traces of tocopherols.

Varietal delimitation in Dacryodes edulis G. In the mature fruit the radicle has already emerged from the seed.

Styles are very short and stigma is lobed. Safoutier, prunier du Gabon Fr. It is used for axe-handles, occasionally for mortars, and is suitable for carpentry, edylis].

For these eulis some fruit is harvested most of the year in several areas, but the main season is June to November north of the equator and December to April south of it. The fruit flesh is softened by cell-wall-degrading enzymes. Manures are not used except when planting; pruning and crop protection are not practised.

Dacryodes edulis ()

During a flush, the leaf form changes abruptly from cataphylls 0—3 per flush to normal leaves with 11—19 leaflets. Swamp forest[ ]. Dacryodes edulis – G.

Usually fruit is erulis by climbing the tree and beating the branches, or cut with the aid of a long pole fitted with a cutting device. Volatile components, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the essential oil of Dacryodes edulis G.


The bark is pale gray and rough with droplets of resin. In spite of this, D. Stamens are 6 and are slightly shorter than petals.

Dacryodes edulis

The exact natural area of distribution is obscure because Dacryodes edulis is much cultivated and naturalized. Germination starts about 2 weeks after sowing and is epigeal.

Dacryodes edulis Dacryodes edulis – Bark of Canarium At international markets, African pear fruits imported into Europe are generally intended for nationals of the exporting countries, with the volume increasing since Tabuna, The preferential habitat of D.

In Cameroon, the larvae of a Carpophilus sp.

In screening some Nigerian plants for antibacterial activitythe leaf extract demonstrated the best activity for which ethylgallate and quercitrin were identified as responsible Ajibesin, The pulp to seed weight ratio is around 2—3 for the smaller fruits, but increases to over 5 for the largest. Now containing plants. Essential oils have been isolated and analyzed from different parts of D. The kernel can be used as fodder for sheep or goats.

It is grown from Sierra Leone to Angola along the Atlantic and further inland as far as Uganda; it has also been recorded in northern Zimbabwe. Unless sown within a week, germination and vigour are greatly reduced[ ]. Don have long been considered as the most unambiguous synonyms Boutelje, Seeds are oblong-ellipsoid, up to 5.

Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Dacryodes edulis – Wikipedia

Changes in their composition during ripening. Fruits vary greatly in size, shape, colour and composition.

Eduulis lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants. During a flush, the leaf form changes abruptly eduliz cataphylls 0 – 3 per flush to normal leaves with 11 – 19 leaflets. A dipterous insect that mines the young leaves leads to continuous growth of the shoot because the leaflets drop before they mature.


Dacryodes edulis Safou dacryodes edulis x – k flickr. Flavour and Fragrance Journal Grows in a wide range of soils, even succeeding in sacryodes, infertile ferrallitic soils and swampy soils[, ].

Tropical timbers of the world. The bark resin is used in Nigeria to treat parasitic skin diseases and jiggers Dalziel, ; Hutchinson et al.

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The tree population flushes and flowers during the dry season. There is no information about soil types preferred by the crop, suggesting that soil requirements are not very exacting. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Phenotypic variation of fruit traits from trees in south eastern Nigeria. Carbon Farming – Cultivation: The exocarp is thin and pink ripening to form blue-green, purple or brilliant black. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 3,mm, but tolerates 1, – 5,mm[ ].

The aroma of the resin when liberated through burning is believed to ward off evil spirit in Nigeria Sofowora, The flush is usually brought to an end by the sudden transition from normal leaves to severely reduced leaves in which only one or two basal pairs of leaflets are extended.