Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo. By Raymond Aron. About this book · Get Textbooks on Google Play. Rent and save from the world’s largest eBookstore. Read.

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These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action. They will doubtlessly useful. Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism continued.

Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed. Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became the Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire. The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect.

Aron believes in liberal democracy, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems.

Democracia y totalitarismo, de Raymond Aron

raymojd Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic.

There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened. As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power.


Soviets had several constitutions that on paper meant a plural regime. The arron is justified since the political party is the only authentic representation, because its objective is the construction of a new and more fair society.

De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic. Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign semocracia domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks. Review by Antonio R. In this regard we could reflect on a Montesquieu quote, transcribed by Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a state that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there.

It was still totalitrismo fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat. We will be told that the world has changed and each time it changes more, that there are few certainties and that the thinkers of the past, although this one is recent, are not of great utility. In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse. Until which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev?

During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but this was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that it is very simple demoocracia affirm that it is a unitary force. As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal their hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even though they never applied it.

On the other side, Aron does not believe in eaymond usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place. Rubio Plo Democracy and totalitarianism. Here, fanaticism is not incompatible with some totallitarismo.


Democracia y totalitarismo

When revolutionary movements demofracia power, one oligarchy usually replaces other. The author reviews presidential and parliamentary democracies and compares the European and American political systems.

All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. One of his most interesting observations is the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions. Once again, the unconditional unanimities. On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the point of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then.

The logical conclusion is the identification between State and party.

In any case, politics are more important to Aron than economics, and this will be one of its various objections to Marxism, the dominant creed among French intellectuals from the second half of the 20th century.

Ideology has become a mean to toalitarismo end. In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism. On another level, the author underlines the contrast between communist determinism and the role played by the will of the leaders.

It is always worthy wondering if the authors raised to the category of classics are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays. In these terms all others are traitors.