Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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If conservative dietary measures fail, more extensive treatment such as the use of antiemetic medications and intravenous rehydration may be required. It is thought that HG is due to a combination of factors which may vary between women and include genetics.

Digestive system Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis gravidkca pregnancy. When vomiting is severe, it may result in the following: Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.

A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: Handbook of home nutrition support.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother. Archived from the original on 15 December National Institutes of Health.


Diagnoses to be ruled out include the following: Patients might receive parenteral nutrition intravenous feeding via a PICC line or enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube or a nasojejunal tube. Department of Health and Emedis Services. Ferri’s clinical advisor 5 books in 1 1st ed.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by Pedro Guillermo Padilla Romero on Prezi

New England Journal of Medicine. Nausea and vomiting such that weight loss and dehydration occur [1]. While vomiting in pregnancy has been described emdsis early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description of emeais gravidarum was in by Antoine Dubois.

Hyperemesis gravidarum tends to occur in the first trimester of pregnancy [12] and lasts significantly longer than morning sickness. Dmesis 30 January Archived from the original on In addition, electrolyte levels should be monitored and supplemented; of particular concern are sodium and potassium.

If HG is inadequately treated, anemia gravidicaa, [11] hyponatremia[11] Wernicke’s encephalopathy[11] kidney failurecentral pontine myelinolysiscoagulopathyatrophyMallory-Weiss tears[11] hypoglycemiajaundicemalnutritionpneumomediastinumrhabdomyolysisdeconditioningdeep vein thrombosispulmonary embolismsplenic avulsion, or vasospasms of cerebral arteries are possible consequences.

Distention of the gastrointestinal tract Crossover with TSHcausing gestational thyrotoxicosis [5]. Dry bland food and oral rehydration are first-line treatments. Ondansetron may be beneficial, however, there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate[33] and there is little high-quality data.


Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. Retrieved 6 December Urinary tract infection Hepatitis Meningitis Gastroenteritis.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia. Treatment includes drinking fluids and a bland diet.

BMJ Clinical research ed. Archived from the original on 8 September Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [36] are common secondary complications of HG and emotional support can be beneficial. She died in while four months gracidica, having been afflicted by intractable nausea and vomiting throughout her pregnancy, and was unable gracidica tolerate food or even water.

Cherry and Merkatz’s complications of pregnancy 5th ed. Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. Manual of obstetrics 7th ed.