Mass Nouns, Count Nouns and Non-Count Laycock – – In Alex Barber (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. A crucial part of Taurek’s argument is his contention that i. John M. Taurek, ” Should the Numbers Count?” Philosophy & Public Affairs 6, no. 4. (Summer I ). Oxford University Press USA publishes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, children’s books, business books, dictionaries, reference.

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Users may submit only one post per day. Others might argue that there are other reasons to be concerned about aggregation, even if aggregation is no more disrespectful of the separateness of persons than substitution and the like.

There is a harm that is more serious to a nontrivial degree being prevented in iv where Susan has three limbs restored in comparison to i in which A has only two limbs restored.

You only have time to go to one of the islands to rescue the people on it. If Secura is chosen, she receives the two remaining pills. Sign in to use this feature.

If S does tsurek, then neither x nor y will be spared from harm. See also Temkin, L. Using a balancing scale metaphor, Otsuka notes that the Kamm-Scanlon Argument requires that one first place A on one of the scales and B on the other scale, at which point the scales balance evenly. To which island should you go? For, in order to escape the inconsistent choices, the numbers do need to count. From the Standard Picture, we have a straightforward solution for the Number Problem.

John M. Taurek, Should the numbers count? – PhilPapers

Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 4: This inconsistency in turn provides us with a good reason to reject numbers skepticism. However, the method of Pairwise Comparison also faces the Separateness of Persons Objection, because if persons are incommensurable, then surely one could not perform pairwise comparisons. While this paper touches on the moral status of the conference of a benefit in this limited sense of the term, I will not be concerned with moral principles concerning the conference of a benefit where that benefit does not consist in either the prevention of a potential harm or the prevention of a persisting harm that one has already been enduring.


Arguably, someone who holds the view that persons are incommensurable could argue that incommensurable values simply cannot be divided and proportioned.

Added to PP index Total downloads 3, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 22 20, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? Numbers, with and without contractualism.

According to some tue its advocates, the weighted lottery then solves the Number Problem if one accepts that if and when B is selected, then having reached B, one should also save C. Click here to sign up. See also Hirose, I. I think there is. If the linked material requires signing up to view, even if the account is free, it is not allowed.


Wasserman, David and Alan Strudler. Social and Political Philosophy. The Ethical Principles of Effective Altruism. The rejection of PAI opens up an opportunity for pro-number nonconsequentialists to offer a different view of the separateness of persons, one in which pairwise interpersonal comparison, substitution, balancing and division would be permitted.

Numbers Skepticism Numbers Fully Count is false. He does not get some overbalancing good from his sacrifice, and no one is entitled to force this upon him. The well-being of Spock and Uhura are equal in comparison prior to a possible intervention by Kirk. Welcome to Reddit, the front page of the internet. It is beyond the scope of this paper to discuss this point in full, but advocates of the Standard Picture might be able to employ some sort of prioritarian or sufficientarian principle of prioritization, or some method of reflective equilibrium, none of which is necessarily consequentialist.


Individually, we each counr choose to undergo some pain or sacrifice for a greater benefit or to avoid a greater harm: Commenting Rules Read the Post Before You Reply Read the posted content, understand and identify the philosophical arguments given, and respond to these substantively.

Hours after they leave the spaceship, it is realized the flesh mumbers A, B, C, and Secura will begin to disintegrate in a horribly painful manner barring some quick intervention. Saving A seems equivalent to saving B. Oxford University Press, Accordingly, here is a taxonomy of the possible actions available to Yoda along with the outcomes of those actions: A Simple Solution to the Number Problem At this point, pro-number nonconsequentialists might believe that they are in a dilemma: Oxford University Press, ; Nagel, T.

Posts must not be behind any sort of paywall or registration wall. Once justice is taken into account, a nonconsequentialist may conclude that in this case, the consideration of justice should override the consideration based solely on numbers, and therefore we should not prosecute the innocent individual.

Why is nmbers former option always jhon

Opinions are not valuable here, arguments are! Google Drive links and link shorteners are not allowed. In particular, one should consider loss of persons. Posts must be about philosophy proper, rather than only tangentially connected to philosophy. This argument seems then to show that the Kamm-Scanlon Argument need not involve combining claims; it johb requires the condition of Pareto Optimality, which is not an aggregative condition.