The Jominy end quench test. Introduction: The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a.

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This requires the addition of “gettering” elements such as aluminium and titanium to react preferentially with the oxygen and nitrogen in the steel. The simulation ignores the effect quendh heat loss from the sides of the specimen, quenhc. High hardness occurs where high volume fractions of martensite develop.

A typical plot of hardness along the length of the 10 cm long steel rod. Three low alloy steels, which differ only in their carbon content 0. The Jominy test provides a measure of the ability of a steel to harden by transforming into martensite under set conditions, i. Hardenability therefore describes the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions. However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. The Jominy Test involves heating a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water.

Steels with high hardenability are needed for large high strength components, such as large extruder screws for injection moulding of polymers, pistons for rock breakers, mine shaft supports, aircraft undercarriages, and also for small high precision components such as die-casting moulds, drills and presses for stamping coins. This cools the specimen from one end, simulating the effect of quenching a larger steel component in water.


Knowledge about the hardenability of steels is necessary to be able to select the appropriate combination of alloy steel and heat treatment to manufacture components of different size to minimize thermal stresses and distortion.

It’s important to use the correct conversion chart for different materials, since the hardness test causes plastic strain, and therefore varies with the strain hardening properties of the material.

A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. These include alloying elements and grain size.

Jominy End Quench Test

After quenching the hardness profile is measured at intervals from the quenched end after the surface has been ground jomin to remove any effects of decarburisation 0. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a qjench of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions.

It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0. Three medium carbon steels 0. This method of increasing the hardenability is rarely used since substantial increases in hardenability require large austenite grain size, obtained through high austenitisation temperatures.

Carbon controls joiny hardness of the martensite. There are conversion charts between the hardness scales. Boron is a very potent alloying element, typically requiring 0. You have three steels.

Clicking on the circled data points will take you to jiminy of the microstructure at that location in the sample. Structure of En 8 at 5 cm position along Jominy bar.

The Jominy End Quench Test

Measurement of hardenability Uses of Jominy data: High hardenability allows slower quenches to be used e. At higher carbon levels, the formation of martensite is depressed to lower temperatures and the transformation from austenite to martensite may be incomplete, leading to retained austenite. Again, you have three steels.

This composite microstructure of martensite and austenite gives a lower hardness to the steel, although the microhardness of the martensite phase itself is still high.

This alternative longer video clip contributed by Oxford Brookes University shows both the transfer of the sample from furnace to Jominy machine, and the jet spraying one end of the sample. The variation of hardness was measured with distance from the qunech end.


DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

The retardation is due to the need for redistribution of the alloying elements during the diffusional phase transformation from austenite to ferrite and pearlite. Structure of En 8 at the quenched end of Jominy bar. The indentor is either a conical diamond pyramid, or a hardened steel ball.

The test sample is quickly transferred to the test machine, where it is held vertically and sprayed with a controlled flow of water onto one end of the sample. Increasing tesy carbon content increases the hardness of steels up to about 0.

The Jominy End Quench Test

Structure of En 24 at 5 cm position along Jominu bar. Example Jominy end quench test data A plain carbon steel and an alloy steel were assessed using the Jominy end quench test. The interval is typically 1. The bar is divided into 25 equal length elements, and, at each time step of the simulation, for each element, a new temperature, resulting from heat transfer at either end, is calculated.

The Rockwell hardness of a metal can also be determined using a similar technique. The Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA.

As the water jet sprays onto the end of the hot, glowing specimen, a cold dark qench spreads joiny the specimen. The results are plotted in the graph below. The Vickers hardness test uses a square pyramidal diamond indentor.

There are different scales for the Rockwell hardness test. For example, any video clips and answers to questions are missing. Jominy end quench unit for testing the hardenability of steels.