Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

Author: Vulkree Goltim
Country: Ukraine
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 8 April 2018
Pages: 356
PDF File Size: 7.43 Mb
ePub File Size: 20.32 Mb
ISBN: 670-2-68902-143-9
Downloads: 84965
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Musho

This causes the jyohirao masses, who are illiterate, to suffer in every way. Recognising the talent of the child prodigy, a neighbour persuaded his father to send him to school. In he wrote the book, Gulamgiri Slavery. Skip to main content.

Who was Jyotirao Phule? | Who Is News, The Indian Express

Their proficiency in growing and arranging became well known and they adopted the name of Phule flower-man in place of Gorhe. There, he met Sadashiv Ballal Govande, a Brahmin, who remained his close friend throughout his life.

He revolted against the domination of the Brahmins and struggled for the rights of peasants and other phyle people. Mahatma Phuleas he was also known, was an Indian social reformer and an activist who worked towards equality regardless of caste. He started helping his father by working on the family’s farm. So, it is essential to educate the jyotjrao to free them from superstition and blind beliefs.

At the age of just thirteen years, Jyotirao was married to Savitribai. He always practiced what he preached. Hence, it becomes very difficult to trace the original religious practices, ideas and deities of jyotigao non-Vedic non- Brahmins. Jyyotirao, India had another social evil, which allowed no scope for social progress or development, and that was the caste system which determined the social standing at birth—the highest caste being the Brahmins and the lowest, the untouchables or the Mahars, Mangs, Chamars, Dhers, etc.

InJyotirao decided to construct a common bathing tank outside his house to exhibit his embracing attitude towards all human beings and wished to dine with everyone, regardless of their caste.


He asked his wife to teach the girls for which she gladly agreed. His father arranged his marriage when he was around 13 years of age as was the custom during those days. Pbule Policy Manage Cookies. He even records in his book Gulamgiri Slavery that his thoughts regarding freedom were conditioned by Brahmin students and teachers.

He jyotigao wrote books for the Satyashodhak Samaj that dealt with history of Brahminism and outlined Puja protocols jyotigao the lower caste people were not allowed to learn. Dams and Reservoirs 19 4 He was also a poet and in his writings he would criticize the narrow-mindedness of the society and the cunningness of Brahmins who exploited the gullibility of the farmers and other classes.

His mother died when Jyotiba was just nine months old.

Tritiya RatnaBrahmananche KasabPowada: He fought for the rights of the untouchables and women and work phuule their emancipation. Then the couple started the first indigenously-run school for girls in Pune. He began educating his wife at home.

He is regarded as the father of Indian social revolution. But the society was not ready to accept this and Jyotiba and his wife were made to leave their house. His wife fully supported his idealistic views and became a feminist and social activist in her own right.

Jyotirao Phule – Wikipedia

As can be imagined, a wedding without a Brahmin priest was at the rime an- unheard-of event. He led the movement against the prevailing caste-restrictions in India. Phule’s great-grandfather worked as a chaugula, a lowly type of village servant, in that village but had to move to Khanwadi in Poona district after exploitation by Brahmin with whom he had a dispute.

They blamed him for vitiating the norms and regulations of the society. Phule is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra. These thinkers aimed at upliftment of the status of women socially, economically, educationally and politically. Phule is considered as one of the most prominent personalities who brought social reforms in Maharashtra. Jotirao has described, in his book Gulamgiri, jyotiroa mental slavery of the non-Brahmin masses: His health worsened over the next couple of years and he died in Novembersurrounded jyotiraao family and friends.


Remembering the pioneer of women’s education in India: Contributions by Jyotirao Phule

The orthodox Brahmins of the society were furious at the activities of Jyotirao. He saw the subsequent Muslim conquests of the Indian subcontinent as more of the same sort of thing, being a repressive alien regime, but took heart in the arrival of the British, whom he considered to be relatively enlightened and not supportive of the varnashramadharma jyotieao instigated and then perpetuated by those previous invaders. Undoubtedly, there are numerous stories in the Puranas regarding avatars, which in prehistoric times attempted to publicise the supremacy of the Brahmins and the religion created by them.

The Jyotkrao are the life of this nation. He wanted to create a society based on equality, unity and human values.

Jyotiba Phule

He started schools for the Mahar and Mang castes, jyotirak were considered untouchables. He was married at jyotidao age of 13, to a girl of his community. Jyotirao left the procession and made up his mind to defy the prevailing caste-system and social restrictions. Even before the book was completed, he had expressed his views in public meetings and through pamphlets and booklets. Jyotirao was invited to attend jotirao wedding of one of his Brahmin friends. It cannot be said that he succeeded in the task for, the stories are full of improbable and strange facts.

To bring the unfortunate masses into the light he penned several books, pamphlets, like: Phule established Satyashodhak Samaj with the ideals of human well-being, happiness, unity, equality, and easy religious principles and rituals.

Around his time, society was a patriarchal and the position of women was especially abysmal.